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Free Simple Safety Meetings™ Topics safety meeting topics

We are not just safety banners any more. See "Safety Talks" at the right of our navigation bar.

Below, find a list of all our free Simple Safety Meeting™ Topics. Topics are typed as text on the browser page so you can review it, if you wish, before downloading the PDF. The actual printable topic is downloadable as a FREE PDF. Most topic PDF's are one page with a second page as a standard generic participant sign in form. For our Simple Safety Meeting™ TOPICS ONLY Page Click Here.

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Using your BROWSER'S "Find" or "Find on this page" function (under the "Tools then File" menu in Internet Explorer) type the term for which you are looking. All matching terms will be found and highlighted on the page.

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Lockout / Tagout
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Lockout / Tagout Safety Banners

What is “Lockout”?: The placement of a locking device on an energy isolating device, in accordance with an established procedure, ensuring that the energy isolating device and the equipment being
controlled cannot be operated until the lockout device is removed. see 500 safety banners free safety banners sample search for safety banners

What is “Tagout”?: The placement of a “tag” or “marker” on an energy isolating device, in accordance with an established procedure, to indicate that the energy isolating device and the equipment being
controlled may not be operated until the tag and Lockout are removed.

Train employees to Lockout thermal, gravity, electrical, hydraulic, pneumatic, chemical, and mechanical power or energy sources.

Each machine must have written procedures to identify and properly place all power sources that must be locked out to place the equipment in a “Zero Energy” state. Procedures must include each power or energy source, identify the location of disconnects, switches, or valves, and procedures must explain how to correctly Lockout each power source. Taking the extra minute to properly shut down and Lockout the power sources is the only way to insure people will not get injured.

Lockout/Tagout procedures apply to operations where a worker is required to adjust, service, repair or clean machinery or equipment in such a method where the unexpected startup, energization, or release of stored energy could cause injury. Even though a piece of equipment may be “turned off” or “powered down,” many times energy remains stored in the machine which could seriously injure or kill if it were released. Lockout/Tagout procedures are designed to protect you from the unexpected. A Lockout/Tagout procedure should be in place for all types of energy sources including: mechanical, electrical, hydraulic, pneumatic, chemical and thermal energy. Here are the minimum precautions you should take:

• Equipment and machinery must be turned off and locked out before any servicing, adjusting or repair operations begin.

• If the main power sources are physically capable of being locked, they must be locked out at the “energy isolating device” to ensure that the machine cannot accidentally start. This means the main circuit conductors must be disconnected. (The term “energy isolating device” does not imply push buttons, selector switches or other control circuit devices.)

• Stored energy such as steam, electrical, hydraulic, gas, water, air or any source capable of conveying potentially hazardous energy must be released. Sources feeding the equipment or machinery being serviced must be blocked off and/or blinded. (This can include grounding capacitors, relieving tension on springs, elevating and blocking up machine parts, restraining flywheels or blinding and bleeding feed lines.)

• Lines that have been bled off and/or disconnected must be tagged to let everyone know who is performing the work. The tag should identify the person who locked the system out, the company or
department, the date and time the equipment was disconnected and the reason for disconnecting it. This applies to equipment, machines or pipeline systems.

• If the equipment cannot be locked out to isolate the energy, a tag must be installed in place of a lock. If a Tagout only procedure is used, the procedure must provide an equivalent level of safety equal to that achieved by a Lockout procedure. The Tagout only policy must be communicated to all employees authorized to perform Lockout/Tagout operations.

• Prior to servicing, the equipment or machine must be tested to ensure that it has been adequately isolated. This means actually attempting to start the machine or equipment by normal operating methods to prove it cannot start. This procedure should require testing all systems that are capable of conveying any form of energy to the area where operations will be conducted.

• After servicing is completed, all guards and safety devices that have been removed must be replaced, making sure that the operation controls are in neutral. Individuals should remove only their own individual lock or tag from isolated energy sources. No energy source should be reconnected until all employee tags or locks have been removed, all employees are accounted for, and the area is inspected to verify everyone is clear.

• Once all employees have been accounted for, restore all power and feed sources and test the
equipment that was being serviced. Finally, inform all necessary parties that the work has been
completed.

IMPORTANT: Know your procedures well and your equipment’s requirements.

 

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8 Steps of Lockout / Tagout
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The primary responsibility for lockout of equipment and machinery belongs to the authorized employee. However, this does not alleviate other employees and supervisors from insuring that proper Lockout/Tagout (LOTO) procedures are followed at all times.

1.) Think, Plan and Check
Think through the entire procedure. Identify all parts of your systems that need to be shut down.
Determine what switches, equipment and people will be involved. Carefully plan to ensure safe
maintenance operations.

2.) Communicate
Notify all those who need to know that a Lockout/Tagout procedure is taking place.

3.) Identify the Energy Source(s)
Ensure all employees involved know the energy sources associated with the machine. Include electrical circuits, hydraulic and pneumatic systems, spring energy, gravity systems, or any other energy systems.

4.) Neutralize all Energy Source(s)
Disconnect electricity. Block movable parts. Release or block spring energy. Drain or bleed hydraulic and pneumatic lines. Lower suspended parts to rest positions.

5.) Lockout Devices
Use only locks, hasps, and covers identified for lockout purposes. Each authorized worker must have a singularly identified lock.

6.) Tagout Power Sources
Tag machine controls, pressure lines, starter switches and suspended parts. Tags should include your name, department, how to reach you, the date and time of tagging and the reason for the lockout.

7.) Verify Equipment Isolation
Check that all workers are clear. Ensure locking devices are securely placed. Attempt normal start-up procedures. Return controls to the off or neutral position.

8.) Releasing Machinery from LOTO (Lockout/Tagout)
Inspect the area and equipment. Replace machine guards. Account for all tools and place them back into toolbox. Inform affected employees of machine start-up. Restore system connections. Remove tags and locks. Restore machinery to original configuration. Conduct normal start-up.

 

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Using a Portable Fire Extinguisher
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Responding to Fires: Sound the fire alarm and call the local fire department immediately if a fire breaks out. Follow the company’s procedures on responding to a fire. Attempt to fight the fire ONLY if, (1) you know the type of combustible material burning, (2) you have been trained to use the fire
extinguisher correctly, and (3) if the fire is still in the beginning stage. If the fire gets too large, or out of control, evacuate immediately and wait for the fire department.

Classes of Fires and Fire Extinguishers:

You must know the class of fire and the correct type of fire extinguisher to use. The most common
extinguisher is the multipurpose dry chemical type. It can be used for A, B & C classes of fire. However, if the tag on the extinguisher is NOT labeled ABC, you must know the type of fire on which the
extinguisher can be used. Most extinguishers will produce only about 10-seconds of extinguishing material.

•• Class A - combustibles, such as wood, paper, rubber, plastics and cloth. The common extinguishing
material is dry chemical or water.
•• Class B - flammable liquids, grease or gasses. The common extinguishing material is dry chemical,
foam or carbon dioxide.
•• Class C - live electrical fires. The common extinguishing material is dry chemical or CO2.
Note: The actual burning product may be class A items.
•• Class D - combustible metals such as magnesium and sodium. Special extinguishing agents are
required when working with these combustible metals.

“P-A-S-S” is the KEY to effectively using a fire extinguisher:

P - Pull - Pull the locking pin before using the fire extinguisher.
A - Aim - Aim the fire extinguisher at the BASE of the fire. NOT at the flames or smoke.
S - Squeeze - Squeeze the lever of the fire extinguisher to operate and discharge.
S - Sweep - Sweep the fire extinguisher back and forth slowly at the BASE of the fire to extinguish.

Remember, it's important to use the correct type of extinguisher for the fire at hand. You should not use a water type extinguisher for a flammable liquid fire because it would cause the fire to spread. You should not use a water type extinguisher on an electrical fire because this would expose you to a serious or fatal shock. For your safety and the safety of your co-workers, use the proper extinguisher.

 

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Proper Lifting Technique
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Did You Know:

When a person is standing straight, the back supports approximately 80% of the body’s weight. In the case of a 200-pound person, the back is supporting approximately 160 pounds. When we bend at the waist, the weight that the back must support increases by six times (160 pounds X 6 = 960 pounds).

If we lift while bent over, the weight we lift is magnified by 6 times. A 45-pound weight,
therefore, would cause the back to lift the equivalent of 270 pounds (6 X 45 = 270). This 200-pound person, bending at the waist, lifting 45 pounds, is actually putting the stress of 1,230 pounds on his back. (960 pounds + 270 pounds = 1,230).

• Stretch and exercise your back before starting each work day

• Know your limit and don't try to exceed it. Ask for help if needed, or if possible, divide the load to make it lighter.

• Wear back braces for heavy loads, or if the back needs to be supported for long periods.

• Before lifting, take a moment to think about what you're about to do. Always pay attention to the job. Do not become complacent.

• Examine the object for sharp corners, slippery spots or other potential hazards.

• Avoid twisting and turning while carrying a load. Use your legs to position and move the torso.

• Avoid sudden jerks and pulls on a load that could cause a muscle sprain or herniated disc.

• Know where you are going to set the item down and make sure it is clear where you will set the load.
Also, make sure your path is completely clear and free of obstructions.

When the load is too heavy, GET HELP.

PROPER LIFTING TECHNIQUE.
1. Stand close to the load with your feet spread apart about shoulder width, with one foot slightly in front of the other for balance.
2. Squat down bending at the knees (NOT your waist). Tuck your chin while keeping your back as vertical as possible.
3. Get a firm grasp of the object before beginning the lift.
4. Begin slowly lifting with your LEGS by straightening them. NEVER twist your body during this step.
5. Once the lift is complete, keep the object as close to the body as possible.
As the load's center of gravity moves away from the body, there is a dramatic increase in stress to the lumbar region of the back.

 

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Eye Protection
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Eye Protection Safety Banners

Your eyes are very easy to damage. A hard blow is not necessary to cause injury. All it takes is a tiny sliver or speck of metal, a particle of dust, or trace of chemical to do a great deal of damage to your eyes, and possibly even blindness.

Employees are required to use eye or face protection when exposed to eye or face hazards from flying particles, liquids, chemicals, acids or caustic liquids, chemical gasses or vapors, or potentially injurious light radiation.

Put those safety glasses on, even if you only have one nail to shoot or one hole to drill.
Don't take chances with your eyesight!

NEVER rub your eye if you get something in it. Extreme caution must be taken to prevent further injury to the eye. If an object is embedded in the eye do not try to remove it. Seek medical help.

• Never try to remove foreign matter from your or other employee’s eyes. Playing doctor will probably make the condition worse. Get to the company medical provider right away.

• If your eye is seriously injured, cover it with a sterile oval eye pad, a clean cloth or a piece of gauze. If the eye has come into contact with acid or chemicals, flush the eye immediately with plenty of water from an eyewash station. If an eyewash is not available, use a drinking fountain or water spigot.

• If there is ANY doubt in your mind about the need for eye protection, consult your supervisor. Don’t guess and possibly spend the rest of your life with the ultimate consequence of blindness.

You can do several things to help prevent an eye injury:

• ALWAYS wear your eye or face protection when an eye or face hazard is present.

• Know the eye safety dangers in your work area.

• Eliminate known eye hazards before starting work.

• Use machine guarding, work screens, or other engineering controls.

• If you are working with chemicals, you should wear goggles.

• If you are working in an area that has particles, flying objects, or dust, you must at least wear safety glasses with side protection (side shields).

• If you are working near hazardous radiation (welding, lasers, or fiber optics) you must use special-purpose safety glasses, goggles, face shields, or helmets designed for that task.

• Always wear face shields and or goggles when working with a chain saw, stump remover or chipper. Watch for tree branches and other objects that protrude at eye level.

• Contact lenses do not provide eye protection in the industrial workplace. Contact lens wearers must use industrial grade eye or face protective devices.

• Anyone working in or passing through areas that pose eye hazards must wear protective eyewear.

• Make sure your glasses or other face protection fit. If they do not fit properly, you might be tempted not to wear them. If your safety glasses slip, seem crooked, or are too tight, take a few minutes and have them adjusted properly.

• Keep glasses and other forms of face protection clean. Dirty lenses lessen your visibility. Wash them regularly with mild soap and water or eyeglass cleaner, then polish with a soft dry cloth or a tissue. Anti-dust and anti-fog spray works well on both glass and plastic lenses.

• Keep your glasses in a case when you are not using them. Pits, scratches, or other damage can result if you stick your glasses in a pocket or toss them in a toolbox. Damage to lenses can lessen impact resistance, resulting in less than full protection.

• Have your eyes examined periodically. Accidents are sometimes the result of poor vision.

• If you are working with chemicals, you should wear goggles.

• If you are working in an area that has particles, flying objects, or dust, you must at least wear safety glasses with side protection (side shields).

• If you are working near hazardous radiation (welding, lasers, or fiber optics) you must use
special-purpose safety glasses, goggles, face shields, or helmets designed for that task.

• Always wear face shields and or goggles when working with a chain saw, stump remover or chipper. Watch for tree branches and other objects that protrude at eye level.

• Contact lenses do not provide eye protection in the industrial workplace. Contact lens wearers must use industrial grade eye or face protective devices.

• Make sure your glasses or other face protection fit. If they do not fit properly, you might be tempted not to wear them. If your safety glasses slip, seem crooked, or are too tight, take a few moments to properly adjust them.

• Keep glasses and other forms of face protection clean. Dirty lenses reduce your visibility. Wash them regularly with mild soap and water or eyeglass cleaner, then polish with a soft dry cloth or a tissue. Anti-dust and anti-fog spray works well on both glass and plastic lenses.

• Keep your glasses in a case when you are not using them. Pits, scratches, or other damage can result if you stick your glasses in a pocket or toss them in a toolbox. Damage to lenses can lessen impact
resistance, resulting in less than full protection.

• Anyone working in or passing through areas that pose eye hazards must wear protective eyewear.

• Have your eyes examined periodically. Accidents are sometimes the result of poor vision.

REMEMBER, put those safety glasses on, even if you only have one nail to shoot or one hole to drill.
Don't take chances with your eyesight!

 

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Slips, Trips & Falls
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The best way to prevent slips, trips, and falls is good housekeeping in all work areas. Rooms, work areas, hallways and steps must be kept free of equipment and materials. When not in use, tools and other equipment should be kept in proper storage places. A spill should be cleaned up immediately. Do not climb on storeroom shelving. If you must reach high shelves, never substitute crates, boxes or other objects for a stepladder. Place electrical cords so that they do not lie in heavily traveled areas. Safety rules for preventing slip, trip, and fall hazards really are just "common sense" rules. So use common sense.

Watch Where You Walk - Be aware of where you are walking. Look down continuously for spilled liquids,
materials, equipment, changing surface levels, etc. Make sure the area is well-lit or use a flashlight if lighting is poor.

Wear Proper Footwear - Make sure your shoes are in good shape and correct for the job. Discard worn-out shoes with smooth soles and other defects. If conditions are wet and slippery, wear non-slip shoes or boots. Avoid footwear with leather soles. Leather soles have poor floor traction, especially on smooth surfaces.

Check for Floor Openings - Look for and avoid unguarded floor openings. On construction sites, when covers are placed over floor openings, avoid walking on the cover unless you are 100% sure it is absolutely secure and will not move or collapse. Never jump over pits or other openings.

Be Careful On Stairs - Do not run when going up or down stairs. Check to see that stair treads are in good shape with no obstructions or debris on the steps. Always use the hand railings that are provided. Avoid carrying large loads when going up or down stairs and ensure that stairs are well lit.

Use Ladders Correctly - Never use broken or defective ladders. Always use the correct type of ladder. Set the angle of the ladder at the proper four-to-one ratio (4ft. up = 1 ft. out, height to width angle). Make sure the ladder is on solid footing and will not move when you climb upon it. Whenever possible, tie your ladder to the structure to improve stability. Anchorage at the bottom is also a good idea. Never stand on the top two steps of a ladder.

Make Sure Scaffolding is Safe to Use - When working on scaffolding, make sure it is secure, stable and properly set-up. Do not work on scaffolding if guardrails are missing or the base is unstable. Check to see that planks are in good shape and not cracked. Tall scaffolds should be tied into a structure to increase stability.

Do Not Jump Off Equipment - Never jump from equipment or vehicles. Use the handrail and steps provided, remembering the “three point rule.” Avoid stepping onto loose rocks, slippery surfaces, oil spills, etc. Watch your step and don’t trip yourself up!

• Watch Your Step. Don’t Slip, Trip or Fall. Gravity ALWAYS Wins!

 

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Winter Slips, Trips & Falls
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Slips, Trips and Falls - Winter Walking Safety Tips

• Plan ahead and give yourself sufficient time. Rushing increases your stride and step, placing added weight on your heel and leads to losing your step on a slippery surface.

• When walking on steps, always use the hand railings and plant your feet firmly on each step before stepping to the next step.

• When walking on an icy or snow-covered walkway, take short steps and walk at a slower pace so you can react quickly to a change in traction. On ice, often, shuffling your fee in a manner such that your feet do not actually leave the ice, works the best.

• Bending your knees a little, taking pressure off your heel, and taking shorter steps increases traction and can greatly reduce your chances of falling. It also helps to stop occasionally to break momentum.

• Streets and sidewalks that have been cleared of snow and ice should still be approached with caution. Watch out for "black ice." Dew, fog or water vapor can freeze on cold surfaces and form a super-thin, nearly invisible layer of ice that can look like a wet spot on the pavement. It often shows up early in the morning or in areas that are shaded from the sun, and can be very difficult to see.

• Carrying heavy items will challenge your sense of balance on surfaces that are slippery. Try not to carry too much. You need to leave your hands and arms free to better balance yourself, and maintain your balance if you should slip slightly.

• Be prepared to fall and try to avoid using your arms to break your fall. Broken arms often result from falls on ice and snow. If you fall backward, make a conscious effort to tuck your chin hard to your chest so the back of your head doesn't strike the ground with a full force. A head strike like this can be very serious.

• When entering a building, remove as much snow and water from your boots as possible. Try to dry your soles if possible. Take notice that floors and stairs may be wet and slippery. Walk carefully.

• Use special care when entering and exiting all vehicles. Use the vehicle for support.

• Watch Your Step. Don’t Slip and Fall. Gravity ALWAYS Wins!

 

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Hearing Protection
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Hearing Protection Safety Banners

Often workers resist wearing hearing protection more than any other type of personal equipment. One of the most common reasons that they give is that they don't think they really need it. But hearing loss is so gradual, even in intense exposures, that by the time you realize you can't hear as well as you used to, the damage has been done, and can't be reversed.

Another common reason workers give for not wearing hearing protectors is that they are uncomfortable. Evidence of this attitude can be found in such practices as springing muffs so they don't seal against the head, clipping off the inner end of plugs and leaving only the outer end tab to fool the supervisor, and improper molding and insertion of malleable-type plug materials.

Good protection depends on a good seal between the surface of the skin and the surface of the ear
protector. A very small leak can destroy the effectiveness of the protection. Protectors have a tendency to work loose as a result of talking, chewing, etc., and they must be re-seated from time to time during the workday. The use of ear protection will NOT make it more difficult to understand speech or to hear warning signals when worn in a noisy environment.

Most of the available ear protectors, when correctly fitted, provide about the same amount of protection. Therefore, the best ear protector is the one that you can wear properly.

• If foam earplugs are used, they should be inserted correctly into the ear. It is important to hold the earplug in place for 15 seconds, so that it expands properly inside the ear canal.
• Earmuffs are easy to use, but always check the noise reduction rating of the earmuff, or earplug, to ensure you have the right level of protection.

Three factors may be used to determine the level of noise:
1. If it is necessary for you to speak in a very loud noise or shout directly into the ear of a person in order to be understood, it is likely that the exposure limit for noise is being exceeded.

2. If you have heard noises and ringing noises in your ears at the end of the workday, you are being exposed to too much noise.

3. If speech or music sounds muffled to you after leaving work, but sounds fairly clear in the morning when you return to work, there is no doubt about your being exposed to noise levels that can eventually cause a partial loss of hearing that can be permanent.

Supervisor's  / Management Addendum for Hearing Protection
Hearing safety superfisor - management addendum

 

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5 Point Driving System
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Five-Point Driving System. The Habits of Professional Drivers.

Most crashes are the result of poor driving habits. Good driving habits prevent injuries and save lives. Practice good driving habits at ALL times - on the job and off.

1.) Aim High In Steering
Look as far ahead as you can. Don’t look only directly in front of your vehicle while driving. See
potential problems well ahead of you so you have time to react. Visualize a safe path well ahead so you are prepared if problems occur.

2.) Get The Big Picture
Stay back and see it all. Do not follow so closely that it prevents you from seeing the big picture ahead. Stay back from the rear of a tractor-trailer or any large vehicle. Not following closely allows for smooth stops and turns, and buys you reaction time.

3.) Keep Your Eyes Moving
Avoid fixating on any one object. Keep your eyes moving. Make sure that you look to your rear every
5 to 8 seconds. Continually moving your eyes maintains your sense of awareness in all directions and driving conditions. Scan, don’t stare. Keep eyes moving and scanning all around your vehicle; front, rear, sides. Scan from building to building, tree-line to tree-line.

4.) Leave Yourself An Out
Imagine an “escape route”. Be able to recognize the path of least resistance quickly when a problem occurs. Leave yourself an out by creating space on all four sides - especially in front of you. Be prepared. Have a plan. Expect the unexpected.

5.) Make Sure They See You
Make sure other drivers see you. When necessary, you should communicate in traffic by using your horn, lights, and signals. Making sure they see you through communicating in traffic establishes
eye-to-eye contact. Establishing eye contact confirms that others see you. At intersections, look at a driver’s head and eyes to be sure they see you coming.

Also, remember to wear your seat belt at all times, and stay off your cell phone.

 

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Hypothermia and Frostbite
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Hypothermia can occur any time of year. In fact, most cases of hypothermia develop in air temperatures between 30 and 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Employees who are exposed to lower temperatures are at greater risk for all injuries, including frostbite and hypothermia, which could result in brain damage or even death.

Hypothermia: The effects of hypothermia may not be apparent to its victim. The first symptoms of
hypothermia are uncontrollable shivering and the sensation of cold. The heartbeat slows and may become irregular, and the pulse weakens. As the condition worsens, severe shaking or rigid muscles may be evident. The victim may also have slurred speech, memory lapses, and drowsiness. Cool skin, slow,
irregular breathing, and exhaustion occur as the body temperature drops even lower. This is a serious
condition requiring immediate medical attention.

• Frostbite: Frostbite can occur without accompanying hypothermia. Frostbite occurs when the fluids around the body's tissues freeze. The most vulnerable parts of the body are the nose, cheeks, ears, fingers, and toes. Symptoms of frostbite include coldness and tingling in the affected part, followed by numbness; changes in skin color to white or grayish-yellow, initial pain, which subsides as the condition, worsens, and possibly blisters. Frostbite can cause irreversible tissue damage and requires immediate medical attention.

• Dress Warm: Preserving an air space between the body and the outer layer of clothing will help retain body heat. Choose fabrics such as cotton or wool, which insulate but also allow sweat to evaporate. It is especially important to protect the feet, hands, head, and face. These parts of the body are farthest from the heart and are the hardest to keep warm.

• Keep Dry: Wetness greatly increases the chance of cold stress. Always have extra clothing available
if there's a chance you could get wet. Keep feet dry, they are very susceptible to frostbite.

• Take a Break: You may think it's wise to keep on working in cold temperatures. After all, working makes you break a sweat and you feel warmer. But if you become fatigued during physical activity, your body loses its ability to properly retain heat. This causes rapid cooling which can quickly lead to cold stress.

• Eat Right: A proper diet provides your body with the nutrients it needs to withstand cold stress.
A restrictive diet may deprive your body the ability to work well in cold temperatures.

• Don't Work Alone: In cold-stress prone environments, a buddy system should be used. Look out for one another and be alert for the symptoms of cold stress.

 

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Basic First Aid
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While it is best to leave major first-aid treatment to those who have professional training, all workers should know basic first aid. If you give first aid to others, always protect yourself from exposure to blood borne pathogens by wearing gloves, masks, and eye protection. Do not be foolish.

• Whatever you use as a dressing to stop bleeding, must remain in place until treated by a professional
If more dressing is required to absorb the blood, place it on top of the original dressing.

• In case of a broken bone, you should be able to apply a splint to immobilize the limb.

• If a victim is in contact with electricity, make sure the current is off before attempting to help the victim, or use a nonconductor, such as a dry wooden pole to remove the victim from the contact. If
necessary, have an experienced person perform CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation).

• If the eye is splashed with an irritant, immediately flush the eye with clean water for at least 15 minutes.

• Never try to remove any objects from an eye with any instrument. Grasp the upper lashes and pull the upper lid out and down. Often the object will attach to the inside of the upper lid and be swept away by tears. If the injury is serious, put a clean cloth or gauze pad over the eye and seek professional help.

• An average adult can lose one pint of blood in 15 to 20 minutes without serious danger. To stop heavy bleeding, first elevate the limb (if no fracture is suspected) and apply direct pressure to the affected area.

• If Shock Suspected: Ensure the victim can breathe comfortably and place covers under and over victim. If they are unconscious, place them on their side and monitor the airway.

• For every wound, apply antiseptics to cleanse the wound to help prevent infection. A deep puncture wound is the most likely to become infected.

• Heat Exhaustion, may result from physical exertion in hot environments. Symptoms may include profuse sweating, weakness, paleness of the skin, rapid pulse, dizziness, nausea, headache, vomiting, and unconsciousness. The skin is cool and clammy with sweat. Body temperature may be normal or
subnormal. First Aid - Rest in the shade or cool place. Drink plenty of fluids or water.

 

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New Employee Safety Basics
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Safety /Attitude / Quality Banners

Research now shows that when safety training is included in new employee training programs, morale improves and the accident rate decreases. Furthermore, for the experienced worker, the “refresher” information brings home the seriousness of company safety.

Most injuries occur to employees within the first 90 days of a new job. One in eight employees are involved in some type of accident the first year on the job. The confusion and stress that accompany an employee during the first days of any job are the main reasons that they are twice as likely to have an accident as experienced workers. New Employee training that stresses safety has been determined to dramatically reduce accidents and is a major contributor to an accident free environment.

Every New Employee Should:

• Be aware of the company safety policy and consequences for non-compliance.

• Have a thorough introduction to their new job site.

• Understand the hazards associated with the job they will be assigned.

• Be aware of how safety in their job relates to the overall function of the department and the company.

• Understand their job description and have a copy of the company safety policy.

• Understand the safety rules and emergency procedures and know the location of first aid facilities.

• Understand how and when to use personal protective equipment, and how to care for it.

• Understand that they must report unsafe conditions to a supervisor, as well as any accidents, even if there are no injuries or property damage.

• Be aware of the importance of good housekeeping to eliminate potential hazards.

• CRITICAL - For employees operating machinery and equipment, Lockout training that includes all energy hazards, must be a top priority. Remember to include zero energy state.

 

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Recognizing Heat Releated Illness
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During a heat wave, it's important to be able to recognize the signs and symptoms of a heat-related illness. There are different types of heat-related illnesses, ranging from those that cause temporary discomfort to the fatal
condition known as heat stroke. In all heat-related illnesses, the symptoms appear when a person is exposed to extreme high temperatures.

The following checklist will help you recognize the symptoms of heat-related illnesses:

1. Heat Rash: Heat rash is a skin irritation caused by excessive sweating during hot, humid weather. It can occur at any age, but is most common in young children. Heat rash looks like a red cluster of pimples or small blisters.

2. Heat Cramps: A person who has been working, exercising or participating in strenuous activities in the heat may develop painful muscle spasms in the arms, legs, or abdomen referred to as heat cramps. The body
temperature is usually normal, and the skin will feel moist and cool, but sweaty.

3. Heat Syncope (fainting): Someone who experiences heat syncope (fainting) will experience the sudden onset of dizziness or fainting after exposure to high temperatures, particularly after working very hard or exercising in the heat. As with heat cramps, the skin is pale and sweaty but remains cool. The pulse may be weakened, and the heart rate is usually rapid. Body temperature is normal.

4. Heat Exhaustion: Heat exhaustion is a warning that the body is getting too hot. Those most prone to heat exhaustion include elderly people, people with high blood pressure, and people working or exercising in a hot environment. A person with heat exhaustion may be thirsty, giddy, weak, uncoordinated, nauseous, and sweating profusely. As with heat syncope (fainting) and heat cramps, the body temperature is usually normal in heat exhaustion. The heart pulse rate is normal or elevated. The skin is usually cold and clammy.

5. Heat Stroke: Heat stroke is a serious, life-threatening condition that occurs when the body loses its ability to control its temperature. Victims of heat stroke frequently die, so immediate medical attention is essential when problems first begin. In heat stroke, a person develops a fever that rapidly rises to dangerous levels within minutes. A person with heat stroke usually has a body temperature above 105 F, but the temperature may rise even higher. Other symptoms and signs of heat stroke may include confusion, combativeness, bizarre behavior, feeling faint, staggering, strong rapid pulse, dry flushed skin, and lack of sweating. Delirium or coma can also result from heat stroke.

Any time you have a question about the severity of a person’s heat related-illness, you should contact a doctor or seek emergency medical help immediately, especially if the symptoms worsen with time. Heat Stroke is a true medical emergency. If a person has the symptoms of heat stroke, notify emergency services, 911, immediately!

 

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Heat Stroke Prevention
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Heat stroke is the most dangerous heat related disorder there is, often putting employee’s lives in danger. Understanding the signs of heat stroke could protect you and others from being victims of heat stroke. Remember, a heat stroke is a fast acting, dangerous killer. It can bring about an irreversible coma and even, death, if not quickly and properly treated.

HEAT STROKE IS A MEDICAL EMERGENCY! Anyone exhibiting the signs and symptoms of heat stroke should be rushed to the nearest hospital or clinic immediately. A heat stroke does not have to be caused by exercise or exertion. High temperatures, lack of body fluids and overexposure to the elements and high heat can all bring about a heat stroke.

Symptoms
• The first sign to look for is red, flushed skin
• A person that is suffering heat stroke, does NOT SWEAT and feels dry
• The person feels dizzy, weak, confused or has a headache
• Seizures
• Rapid pulse
• Unconsciousness
• Body temperature of 105-degrees or higher

Prevention
The easiest way to avoid heat stroke is to keep your body well hydrated. THIS IS CRITICAL! Drink plenty of water before, during and after exposure to heat and the elements. Sports drinks are a good choice if you are working in hot conditions, but water works fine, too. Putting yourself in a place where there is plenty of airspace will allow your body to naturally cool itself. Sitting in a shaded, open area will help your body rid itself of heat through sweating. What you wear can play a big factor in how your body will handle the heat. Light colored, loose fitting clothing will aid your body in breathing and cooling itself down naturally. Tight clothing restricts such a process and dark colors absorb the sun’s light and heat.

Heat strokes are preventable. It is easier to take steps to prevent heat stroke than it is to treat it. Most doctors recommend consuming eight or more glasses of water a day during normal weather conditions, and sixteen or more glasses of water a day during high-heat periods.

Remember, a heat stroke is a fast acting, dangerous killer, but it is preventable.

 

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Electric Power Tool Safety
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• ALWAYS use good judgment and common sense with a focus on safety when using power tools.

• Before using any electric power tool, inspect the plug, cord, on-off switch and housing. Inspect for cracked, broken or frayed insulation, exposed wires or connections and any evidence of damage in general. Tools that fail this inspection must not be used and immediately removed from service.

• Electric-powered tools must either have a three-wire cord with ground or be double insulated. Never use a plug that has its ground prong removed.

• Use appropriate safety glasses, face shields, etc. while using hand or powered tools or equipment that might produce flying materials or is subject to breakage.

• Know the tool’s application, limitations, and potential hazards.

• Do not use electric-powered tools in damp or wet locations. Check the outlet, extension cord, tool and work area to determine if they are clean and dry.

• Keep guards in place, in working order, and properly adjusted. Safety guards must never be removed when the tool is being used.

• Safety switches must be kept in working order and must not be modified.

• Work areas should have adequate lighting and be free of clutter.

• Be sure to keep good footing and maintain good balance.

• Do not wear loose clothing, ties, or jewelry when operating power tools.

• Never modify a power tool to use it for a job for which it is not intended.

• Disconnect power tools while servicing or storing.

• Remember - Use Good Judgement and Think Safety First.

 

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